The Fullness of Time

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INTRODUCTION The political, intellectual, and religious contributions of the historical era that preceded the incarnation of Christ call attention to the words spoken by Paul in Galatians, “When the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son.” The religious preparations for the advent of the Messiah and the subsequent rapid emergence of Christianity were brought about politically by the Romans and intellectually by the Greeks, while the religious contribution of the Jews was more intimate because of heredity. “In the period of Christianity’s birth and during the first three centuries of its existence, conditions were more favorable for its spread through the Mediterranean world than at any other time in the ancient or medieval…show more content…
Pax Romana additionally promoted unity and diversity by allowing the citizens to retain their cultural identity while being under one system of law and one kingdom. No empire or nation of the ancient Near East had fully accomplished creating an environment bound by universal law like the Romans. Because of this new common groundwork for life created in the Roman Empire, the people were more open to accepting a religious message that encompassed the sins of all people and a means for their redemption. The Gospel message provided this by identifying all humans as sinners in need of a savior because of the penalty of sin, and furthermore offered salvation and adoption into the universal church through Christ. This message fell on the fertile ground that the Romans had cultivated. The legendary roads of the Roman Empire coined the phrase “all roads lead to Rome.” The elaborate road system eventually connected all towns and cities of the empire providing the military with easy access to carry out its duty of maintaining peace. The stability provided by the near absence of military conflict for nearly two centuries allowed citizens to travel about freely and safely. The roads facilitated and encouraged movement allowing early Christians, including the Apostle Paul, to spread the Gospel easily. Finally, in the Greco-Roman world, religion and national identity were closely related. When a region was subdued by Rome, the conquered people realized their
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