The Functionalist Theory Of Social Stratification

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Social stratification is a necessary phenomenon in society. This is because we can link the social stratification system to reflect the maintenance of the structure of society. At first, we have to understand the meaning of social stratification. How this system brings a significance change to our society; it brings positive or negative changes? We should study social stratification based on three major perspectives: structural functionalism, social conflict, and symbolic interaction to analyse the above statement and questions in order to find out how a a society is maintained by social stratification system. Structural functionalism states that each part works together to keep society operating in an orderly way. Therefore, functionalists…show more content…
Based on Davis-Moore thesis, they claimed that inequality is universal because there is no society unstratified. This say that stratification is unavoidable, but indeed this system is necessary to be built for the survival of the society. They argued that some requirements must be meet with the social stratification system to maintain the order of society. One such requirement is effective role allocation and performance. This means that all roles must be filled and they must be filled by qualified persons or persons who able to perform it. Furthermore, everyone must be acquire knowledge and skills to be perform well in their respective role to be not eliminate by this competing society. Therefore, Davis and Moore argued that all society need social stratification for ensuring effective role allocation and performance. This is because social stratification can motivate people to work hard by compromising such rewards as money, power and prestige. So, individuals will compete each other to get that rewards to be survive in the society. The amount of reward will be regarding to the importance of a person’s job to society and how much training and…show more content…
When members of some religions or religious groups have more access to the wealth, power, prestige and other resources of society than do members of other religions or religious groups, this will lead to stratification. Karl Marx applied conflict theory to be more understand the relationship between religion and social class. Conflict analysis viewed that religion is a source of conflict that stratifies society. Marx argued that religion is a tool which helps maintain the status quo in society by making the lower classes content with promises of great rewards in the life after death. Marx explained that the quotes “religion is the opium of the people” proved that religion maintain social stratification. This quotes mean that religion tends to prevent people from having their own opinions and make people easily to be controlled. Marx strongly emphasize that all rewards and happiness promised by religion are merely illusions. He says that people should ignore all the unrealistic words or any promises from the religions to be not trap inside the illusions. But, indeed of it, people have their responsibilities to work hard themselves to get rewards for their own life. In the other hand, Karl Marx used the terms “opiate of the masses” to describe how religion look at poverty issue. Marx described that religion like a drug that make people always happy with their existing
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