The Fundamentals of Judaism Essay

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The Fundamentals of Judaism I am a very spiritual person and am always interested in learning about other religions, especially the three monotheistic faiths: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. I feel I have an adequate knowledge of Christianity and Islam, but I do not know much about Judaism. This paper will focus on the questions I have about Judaism. I have always wanted to know the fundamental beliefs of Judaism. I want to know how many Jews there are in the United States and in the world. I often see Orthodox Jewish men wearing yarmulkes and prayer shawls, and I wonder what is the purpose of wearing these. And finally, I wanted to know what is the role of women in Judaism. As the oldest living monotheistic religion in the…show more content…
These include: Belief in one unique, indefinable and indivisible God. The belief in free will. Each child is born innocent. God has given people the knowledge of what is right and wrong and the ability to chose which path they want to live. Each person is responsible for his or her own choices and will be rewarded or punished accordingly. A person's actions are much more important than his beliefs as a way to earn God's favor. Ethics and Justice. The ethical teachings of the Torah and the Talmud, including the Ten Commandments is ingrained into the Jewish way of life, and has become part of the teachings of Christianity and Islam. The Covenant. The Torah states, "For you are a holy people unto the lord your God: The Lord your God has chosen you to be a special people unto Himself." The Torah has made the Jews a chosen people who must follow a life of great spiritual demands that honor and perpetuate God's Laws. Salvation and Conversion. You do not have to be a Jew to attain your rewards in the hereafter. Jews are required to fulfill a wide range of commandments (613 in fact) in addition to the first ten. Non-Jews are only required to observe the seven Noahide Laws from Genesis 8. These include avoiding the following: Idolatry Blasphemy Homicide Illicit sexual relations Theft Eating the limb of a living creature Failing to establish courts of justice. Because of the accessibility to salvation, Jews
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