The Future Of Higher Education

1597 WordsApr 22, 20177 Pages
RESEARCH PAPER THE FUTURE OF HIGHER EDUCATION Submitted to Jalynn Roberts, Ph.D. In partial fulfillment of the requirements for EDH 701: History and Foundations of Higher Education William Carey University Spring 2017 By James A. McGee jmcgee@wmcarey.edu 228-342-8288 April 26, 2017 Abstract This paper will examine five emerging trends associated with the future of higher education. Within the United States higher education has become commercialized. Obtaining a college degree has been marketed as a necessity for anyone seeking a successful future. The increased demand results in increased costs, both for the institution and the student. University administrators recognize the increased demand for a college education and…show more content…
The third category includes private for-profit institutions that offer predominately on-line course instruction. No matter what category the institution falls under, various trends are impacting higher education and threaten to redefine the traditional mission. What follows is a discussion of five such trends and an examination of the potential impact upon students, faculty, staff, parents and the institutions. The Cost of Higher Education The cost of higher education is on the rise. Within the United States, nearly every state has reduced funding to higher education. As a result, institutions are challenged with replacing the lost revenue and in most cases this is accomplished by increasing tuition. In addition the cost of benefits for faculty and staff is increasing. Dew (2012) found that as health care costs increase and both private and state sponsored pension funds decrease, institutions are increasingly dipping into their own revenues to support benefit packages. In another effort to reduce costs, universities continue to reduce the number of full time faculty and replace them with adjunct faculty and graduate assistants both of which are exempt from benefits. As tenured faculty members retire, universities elect to fill the position with part time faculty in lieu of high salaried tenured professors. Increased costs have a cascading effect on other initiatives as well. State budget cuts threaten research universities by reducing the funds
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