The Future of Nuclear Power Essay

1945 Words 8 Pages
Nuclear plants have been generating electricity since 1954. (O'Keefe, O'Brien, Pearsall, 2010) It was very perspective technology, which could change the world. So nuclear power was developed quite fast. Many new nuclear reactors were built in the U.S., Canada, Japan, several European countries, and the former USSR. (Vanek &Albright, 2008) As a result substantial amount of electricity has been generated by nuclear power since 1970. Then in 1973 oil crisis started, therefore many countries thought that this technology can help them to become less dependent on foreign oil. However nuclear power also suffered from this crisis, because it reduced the consumption of electricity. So it was no longer considered a cheap source of energy. …show more content…
In fact, nuclear power is one of the most environmentally friendly ways to produce large amounts of energy. While nuclear plants generate 20%of U.S. total electricity, it produces only 2000 tons of radioactive waste, whereas the United States coal industry produces 115 million tons of waste, which contains the noxious tidings of mercury, cadmium, lead, arsenic, and even radiation. It isn’t only emitting million tons of CO2, but it is also pollute the ground. In contrast, nuclear waste is controlled very carefully. It is kept in special storage facilities that prevent the leakage of radiation, while coal withdrawals aren’t controlled so that they can pollute environment. (Montgomery, 2010) Moreover, some experts claim that nuclear power can help to stop global warming. (O'Keefe, O'Brien, Pearsall, 2010) Nowadays nuclear energy prevents more than 8% of the world CO2 emission, because nuclear plants produce 40 to 100 times less CO2 than fossil-fuel plants. Countries such as Belgium, France and Sweden, which have developed nuclear programs, reduce their carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide and sulphur dioxide emissions, but countries, which didn’t use nuclear power in the significant way, increased emission
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