The Ged Language Arts, Writing Test

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The GED Language Arts, Writing Test

Effective Sentences

Frances L. Roberson, M.A.
ABE/ASE/GED/ESL Teacher Vocational Counselor Grant Writing Specialist California Distance Learning Project


GED Video Partner
#7 Passing the GED Writing Test
I didn 't have time to write a short letter, so I wrote a long one instead. Mark Twain

Video 7 Focus: Well-constructed sentences are the foundation of clear writing.

You Will Learn From Video 7:  What makes a good sentence.  How to recognize fragments and run-ons.  How sentence length affects the sentence’s rhythm and reader’s impression.  About simple, compound, and complex sentences.

Words You Need to Know: While viewing the video, fill in the
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They are most often joined by words like “and” and “or.” Look at these examples. • • • Karen and Bobby cried. The dog ran into the street and jumped at the car. Are the potatoes or carrots sliced and cooked?

In the following sentences, underline the subject with one line and the predicate with two lines. Answers are on page 13.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

DVD players have already captured most of today’s popular movies. Be quiet! Did the burglar rob the store before the police arrived? Is the porch light still burning? John has written a memo regarding Friday’s meeting.

Something Missing
A good sentence is a complete thought with a subject and a verb. When one or the other is missing, then it interferes with the reader’s ability to grasp what you are saying. We call this a fragment, and we must add extra words or combine with another portion of a sentence to complete it. Look at these fragments and see what is missing. Fragment • • • • The blond woman. Came through the door with brass hinges. Mrs. Kennedy, the director of the play. A very difficult and trying task. What’s Missing predicate/verb subject/noun or pronoun predicate/verb predicate/verb


Exercise A
Decide if the following words make a complete thought or a fragment. Write C for complete or F for fragment on the line. Answers are on page 13. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Where the buffalo roamed. Who will play the main character? Large footprints marked the long and
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