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The Genetic Conditions of the Waardenburg Syndrome Essay

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Waardenburg Syndrome is a group of genetic conditions that can lead to hearing loss and changes in the color of hair, skin, and eyes (Genetics 2013). Cases of Waardenburg Syndrome are not very common. There are different types of symptoms of the syndrome. Waardenburg Syndrome can be inherited either on an autosomal dominant pattern or autosomal recessive pattern (Calendar 2013). The ways of diagnosing Waardenburg Syndrome include certain tests to detect the disorder. While Waardenburg Syndrome cannot be cured, treatments can be given to lessen the effects. Like other diseases, Waardenburg Syndrome has certain symptoms, inheritance patterns, diagnosis and treatments.
Waardenburg Syndrome affects a person’s hearing, pigmentation, facial
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Type III is known as Klein-Waardenburg syndrome and some of the symptoms are different than type I or type II. Type III is also closely related to type I in the sense that they both have the same inheritance pattern. Type IV is closely related to type II because they have the same inheritance pattern (Calendar 2013). A symptom that only type IV has is Hirschsprung’s disease, a disease that affects the colon and causes constipation (Type two 2013). If Hirschsprung’s is not treated correctly, the result might be death.
Because there are different types of Waardenburg Syndrome, there are different types of inheritance patterns. Types I and III have an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern while types II and IV have an autosomal recessive inheritance pattern (Calendar 2013). The most common type of inheritance is the autosomal dominant inheritance (Type two 2013). An autosomal dominant inheritance pattern means that the mutated gene (EDNRB, EDN3, MITF, SNAI2, PAX3 and SOX10) is in each cell to cause Waardenburg Syndrome (Genetics 2013). In other words, only one parent has to have the copy of the altered gene in order for someone to have the syndrome. An autosomal recessive inheritance pattern means that the mutated gene has to come from both parents in order for a person to have Waardenburg Syndrome (Calendar 2013). Even though both parents carry the mutated genes, they don’t usually show any signs or symptoms of Waardenburg Syndrome.
There are different ways
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