The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act Of 2008 ( Gina )

1430 Words Feb 14th, 2016 6 Pages
1. Official Title of the Law
The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA) is an act of Congress that give individuals federal protection against genetic discrimination concerning insurance and employment; the federal law was enacted on the 21st of May 2008 (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, n.d.). GINA forbids group health organizations including health plans and insurers from denying insurance to a person or charging them a higher fee grounded on their genetic information that may indicate their susceptibility to developing a certain disease in the future. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA) equally prohibits employers from conducting job allocations, hiring, firing as well as promotion decisions based on their individuals ‘genetic information. GINA includes revisions to the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 and the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
GINA comprises of two titles; title one bans genetic discrimination involving health insurance, and title two makes it unlawful to discriminate against employees based on their genetic information. This paper will out more emphasis on title one.
2. Health Care Organization’s Obligations to meet Patients’ Legal Rights
A lot of people in the United Sates are unwilling to participate in studies or undertake any genetic screening that may expose them to discrimination grounded on their genetics. That has patients from volunteering to take part in research…
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