The Georgian Period in the British Empire Essay

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The Georgian period of the British Empire is defined by the rule of the Hanoverian kings who were all named George. The Late-Georgian era spans from 1763, with the reign of George III, George IV and William IV to the crowning of Queen Elizabeth in 1837. The Georgian era was a time of British expansion throughout the world. During this period mercantilism dominated British and Western European economic policies. British Imperial trade was governed by The Navigation Act of 1651, which restricted colonial trade for almost 200 years. But it was in 1763, with the end of the Seven Years War that the modern age of imperial colonialism had truly begun. Mercantilism sparked the creation and expansion of colonies and caused wars between many…show more content…
They belonged to the plantation owner, like any other possession, and had no rights at all. The enslaved Africans were often punished very harshly. Enslaved Africans resisted against their enslavement in many ways, from revolution to silent, personal resistance. Two thirds of the enslaved Africans, taken to the Americas, ended up on sugar plantations. Sugar was also used to make molasses and rum. The American colonies then grew all the food for the West Indies planters so they could use all their land to grow sugar. With the money made from the sale of enslaved Africans, goods such as sugar, rum and tobacco were bought and carried back to Britain. The money earned in Britain would start the triangle over again. The Seven Years War ended on February 10, 1763, when Britain, France, Spain and Portugal officially ratified the Treaty of Paris. While the war had ended mostly as a draw in Europe, the Treaty of Paris had an important consequence on the rest of the world. All of the signing powers received chunks of the Americas to maintain as their separate colonies, but Great Britain gained the largest share, not only in America and the Caribbean islands of Grenada and the Grenadines, St. Vincent and Tobago, but also in the Far East it gained the right to control the great sub-continent of India. The British could truly say that the sun never set on the British Empire. But they were heavily in debt. The war had cost them over 130

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