The Geriatric Specialty Populations
Mylissa K. Hess As was documented in the textbook, “the importance of providing different levels of services to a heterogeneous population has given rise to a continuum of clinical categories” (Shi & Singh, 2015, p391). The careful consideration of specialized care is often based on the specialty of the population for which the guardianship of a patient is needed to be provided. The assignment for this essay was to discuss health services for special populations. For this composition the author chose to discuss briefly geriatric population and the mental health populations, as well as the specialty care involved with these populations. These two populations are enormously in need of recognition; in both provided care and health care costs.
Geriatrics is defined as the department of medicine dealing especially with the problems of aging and diseases of the elderly. Nevertheless, in medical care this group is not easily defined; looking at gerontology, which is the biological study of aging the preferred age of definition is greater than 65 years old. “At the beginning of the 20th century, persons 65 years of age and older constituted just 4% of the population in the United States and numbered 3.1 million” (Shi & Singh, 2015, p.389). Studies all indicate that as the “baby boom generation” reaches 65, the elderly population’s number will reach 20%. In geriatric care, gerontology then looks at the “oldest old” are those over the age of 85