The Gettier Problem Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?

1718 WordsFeb 27, 20167 Pages
The Gettier Problem is a widely acknowledged philosophical question, named in honour of Edmund Gettier who discovered it in 1963, which questions whether a piece of information that someone believes for invalid reasons, but by mere happenstance is correct, counts as knowledge. Before the Gettier paper was published, it was widely believed that the Tripartite Theory of Knowledge- which states that Justified True Belief equaled knowledge- was fact. This means that with three conditions, one could know something. Firstly, if you believe something, secondly, if you have justification for believing, and thirdly, that your belief is in fact true. If all three of these conditions were met, then this amounted to knowledge. However, with the publication of Gettier’s paper, “Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?”, he attempted to prove, with the aid of a number of problems, that it was not sufficient to have only these three conditions in order for a belief to become knowledge. One of the main aims of Gettier’s paper was to illustrate the problem of luck and circumstance in the Tripartite theory.There have been, in the years since the paper was published, a number of attempted solutions to the Gettier Problem, some of which have more merit than others. In order to fully understand the Gettier Problem we must look at these “solutions” to decide whether or not any of them have solid enough foundations to be able to debunk the problem, making it essentially avoidable. While there are
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