The Giant Panda

1982 Words Apr 28th, 2008 8 Pages
The giant panda, infamously known for their black markings and playful behavior, is among one of the most endangered species in the world. Pandas in the wild have few natural enemies; their species decline is mostly due to overpopulation of humans who continue to take up land space and lack of food during the intervals of bamboo blossom season. This paper will discuss the pandas’ ecology, subdivided into categories of their diet, habitat and behavior, how humans first developed a relationship with the pandas, leading into the reasons that caused the pandas to become enlisted under the endangered species list, and conclude with human developments that help the giant pandas survive. Pandas have similar appearances to that of a bear and …show more content…
The pandas’ image of rareness and nobility made panda pelt highly desired and caused pandas to be a valuable target for poachers. Poaching is not the only factor that contributes to the decline of the pandas; habitat loss and fragmentation, and birth deaths also play a vital role. The practice of poaching has become increasingly uncommon due to strict laws enforced by China and patrolling of the areas (3, pg 7; 2, pg 4). When a person was caught killing a panda, they received the death penalty. That was until 1997, when Chinese government revised the punishment to twenty years of imprisonment (2, pg 4). Unlike poaching, habitat loss continues to pose a threat on the pandas. After the population boom in China in 1949, the panda species have endured many stresses on their environment, as more people accumulate on their land, pandas are forced to higher and more confined areas (2, pg 4). The fragmentation of their land makes it hard for pandas to migrate to new grounds when food sources are depleted and pose a risk for inbreeding (3, pg 1). In the wild, females may have one or two cubs at a time; however, since the newborn pandas are completely helpless, they require the mother panda’s full attention and care. The mother is only capable of raising one cub at a time, so in the wild, the mother has to abandon the other cub, who dies shortly after birth, in order to ensure the survival of her other

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