The Gifted and Talented Essay

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The Gifted and Talented

The term “gifted” can mean many things. Up until recently it was the word used to describe people with profoundly high intelligence. Now, adding the words “creative” and “talented”, the category of giftedness has been extended to include not only exceptionally intelligent people, but also people with extraordinary ability in other areas, not just with IQ tests (Drew, Egan, & Hardman, 2002).

The identification and definition of giftedness have been controversial for many, many decades. Originally, IQ test scores were the only way of determining giftedness. An IQ test would be given and some number score, such as 12-, would be the point of cut-off (Cook, Elliott, Kratochwill, & Travers, 2000). More
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Ramos-Ford and Gardner have defined giftedness as “an ability or set of abilities that permit an individual to solve problems or fashion products that are of consequence in a particular cultural setting” (Drew et al., 2002). This view is called the theory of multiple intelligences because it shows intelligence in many areas outside of just plain intellectual.

There are seven areas of intelligence in the theory of multiple intelligences. Linguistically gifted people are particularly good storytellers, writers, or creative speakers. Those with logical or mathematical intelligence have the ability to reason well and master difficult mathematical problems. The other five types of intelligence include spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, and intrapersonal (Drew et al., 2002). This is just one theory of many describing all of the complexities of the term and condition of giftedness.

Before the gifted were seen as people who needed special attention and special educational interventions, many “geniuses” were left undiscovered in their younger years because their teachers and parents only noticed the things in which they failed. Some famous examples are Thomas Edison, who was taken out of first grade by his mother because he was having so many problems in school, Winston Churchill, who had a bad academic record altogether, and Charles Darwin, who dropped out of medical
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