The Gilded Age

1542 Words Mar 14th, 2015 7 Pages
The Gilded Age was a time of reconstruction and change for most white Americans, but as for African Americans, the Gilded Age was full of inequality and discrimination. Many groups and individuals attempted to make changes for black Americans but few were successful. Though it was not until the Progressive Era that racial segregation started gaining attention and African Americans, as well as those who wanted them to be treated equally, began making changes and their fight against racial segregation began to improve.
The Niagara movement was a black civil rights organization founded in 1905 made up of the intellectual elite of the African American community, founded by W.E.B. DuBois and William Monroe Trotter. It was called the Niagara movement because their first movement was held on the Canadian side of the falls where they were welcomed and given hotel rooms without problems, illuminating that Americans were still very discriminating of African Americans. They attempted to make legal changes regarding education, religion, health, economics, and crime issues. They also demanded equal rights, economic opportunities, and education for African Americans. The Niagara movement was thought of as a precursor to the NAACP. Homer Plessy, an African American, did not want to sit in a Jim Crow car and instead sat in a car designated for whites, which was breaking Louisiana law. Plessy’s lawyer stated that the law was in conflict with the 13th and 14th amendments. They took a vote…

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