The Glands of the Endocrine System Essay

1480 Words6 Pages
The Glands of the Endocrine System 5 The Glands of the Endocrine System The endocrine system is vital in maintaining homeostasis in the human body. Each gland of the endocrine system produces and releases hormones that enter the blood stream and travels to specific target organs. It is critical for this system to function properly in order to live a full life. The endocrine systems hormones are the chemical messengers that control many systems of the body. These messengers control metabolism, growth, development, sexual function and reproduction (Boyleston, 1987). The hormones are released into the blood act in a slow and long lasting process. This enables the bodies’ chemical balance to be level over a long period of time.…show more content…
This gland also produces the two hormones that are stored in the posterior pituitary gland (). The thyroid gland is located in the front of the front of the lower neck. The thyroid gland produces thyroxin and truoodothyronine. These hormones regulate cellulack nrysboism which controles the rate that the food is broken down into energy by the cells (Little, 1990). Attached to the thyroid gland is the parathyroid’s. This consists of four little glands that produce parathyroid hormone that along with calatonin regulates the level of calcium that is in the blood. By having, a high level of calcium in the blood promotes bone growth by preventing calcium loss from the bones to occur (Little, 1990). Attached to the thyroid gland is the parathyroid’s. This consists of four little glands that produce parathyroid hormone that along with calatonin regulates the level of calcium that is in the blood. By having, a high level of calcium in the blood promotes bone growth by preventing calcium loss from the bones to occur (Little, 1990). Located on the top of each kidney are the body’s two adrenal glands. Each adrenal gland is divided into two parts. The outer part is called the adrenal cortex. The outer region of the gland is responsible for three major types of hormones. The first cortisol, this glucucorticod speeds up glucose
Open Document