The Global Conflict Of The United Nations

1551 WordsMay 14, 20177 Pages
Following the bloodiest global conflict humankind has ever witnessed, the world’s greatest powers sought to form a global institution which would prevent a future occurrence of this kind. On October 24th of 1945, a month and a half after WWII’s end, that vision came into existence under the establishment of the “United Nations”. Within its mutually established manifesto designed by its 51 founding member states, the UN Charter (which was ratified a few months prior in June at the United Nations Conference on International Organization) solemnly declared the United Nations commitment “to maintain international peace and security… in conformity with the principles of justice and international law” (UN Charter, 1945). The UN would continue to…show more content…
In 1993, a ceasefire between Juvenal Habyarimana’s government and the RTF was reached during the “Arusha Accords” in Tanzania, which included the support of the United Nations peacekeeping mission called the UNAMIR, comprising of 2 548 personnel led by Romeo D’Allaire (NSA, 2014). This quasi-ceasefire took a turn for the worst on April 6 1994, when Habyarimana’s airplane was shot down by extremists (their affiliation is unknown). The following day would mark the beginning of a Hutu extremist led genocide of minority Tutsis and moderate Hutus. UNAMIR was rendered to minimal effectiveness once the killings began, as Chapter VI of the UN Charter limited UNAMIR to a strict mandate of assistance with a reduced force of 270 personnel, following resolution 912 from the UN Security Council (UNAMIR, 1999). By the time the Security Council decided to reinforce D’Allaire’s force with 5 500 more troops in May via resolution 918, the estimated number of casualties had already reached 500 000. While D’Allaire’s forces were able to save 32 000 Rwandans from an imminent death, 1 000 000 had perished at the hands of the CDR and Interahamwe by the end of the war in July 1994, including 70% of the Rwandan Tutsi population (ICRC, 2004). ***ONE MORE SENTENCE***This unfortunate event of needless
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