The Global Humanitarian Assistant Report

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The Global Humanitarian Assistant Report (GHA) (2015) states that in 2014, the Ebola virus in Western Africa, the crisis in Syria, South Sudan and Iraq has severely affected millions of people. GHA (2015) further state that between the year 2013 and 2015 over 58 million people have been forced to flee their homes due to violence or persecution. Natural disaster and Hazards has affected over 107.3 million people. Because of this there has been an increase in Humanitarian aid assistance and hence Humanitarian aid or relief workers have been deployed to the affected areas.
United Nation Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) (cited in ReliefWeb, 2008) describes humanitarian aid workers as, ‘’…all workers
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, stress and panic attacks in trauma related incidences.
Several themes arose from these articles; National and Expatriates HAWs, Training and preparedness, Direct and indirect exposure to trauma, Gender and Age, Psychosocial support, pre-screening for mental health and Religious, Spiritual and Cultural beliefs.

Research Question
Are humanitarian aid workers working in war-torn areas for prolonged period of time (6-12 months) more likely to suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder(PTSD) than those working for short period of time(less than 3 months) ?

For this review, 4 databases were used; Medline, PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar. (2015) defines Medline as “the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) premier bibliographic database that contains more than 22 million references to journal articles in life sciences with a concentration on biomedicine.” (2015) describes PubMed as “service of NLM that Provides free access to Medline… and Includes additional selected life sciences journals not in Medline.’’ (2015) describes Web of science ‘’a comprehensive interdisciplinary, bibliographic database with article references from journals, books, proceedings out of: Sciences and Technology, Arts and Humanities and Social Sciences.’’ Google Scholar is a free search engine that provides scholarly literature like articles and journals.
For each
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