The Glorious Revolution in England of 1688

1567 WordsJan 29, 20067 Pages
The Glorious Revolution in England of 1688 James II succession to the throne of England came without protest of any kind. James II was the son of Charles I and younger brother to Charles II. In January of 1649, Charles I, King of England, went on trial and was convicted as a "'Tyrant, Traitor, Murderer, and public enemy to the good people of this nation.'" (Cannon, pg. 385) On 7 February 1649, Charles II was proclaimed King of Great Britain. While Charles II was in office, he began to develop a form of government that existed without the parliament. In 1685, when Charles' II brother, James II, took over, James continued with the trend in government that his brother set into action. From the Restoration of Charles II in 1660 to the…show more content…
Hence, the Glorious Revolution earned the name the Bloodless Revolution. This was the first revolution where a king was dismounted without any bloodshed (Israel, pg. 432-40). As the Glorious Revolution ended, England was forced into an immediate conflict with Louis XIV of France. James II, a Catholic king, had been disposed of, and a Protestant king, William, husband of Mary, James's daughter, had taken over. Louis and James were able to get along but William and Louis were not. They began a war over what is now present-day Belgium. Belgium was a key place for fortresses and harbors (Kissinger, pg.71). Though the revolution itself may have been bloodless, it caused much unrest in England. Old stresses between the King and Parliament, Church and Dissent, appeared to be undiminished and were joined by bitter divisions over the succession of William III and Mary II. This involved rebellion and war in Ireland and Scotland, and plots, riots, and insurrection in England (Hoppit, pg. 2). It is very doubtful whether many of the revolutionaries of 1688 foresaw the consequences of their actions in terms of England's relations with foreign powers. Before the revolution, England was largely pro-French and anti-Dutch. After 1688, France was to become more or less a permanent enemy. The Nine Years War was actually a war spawned from the Glorious Revolution between England and France (Morgan, pg. 353-56). After James II was relieved of
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