The Gm Food Controversy On Human Growth And Development

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The GM Food Controversy Maria Gonzales University of Texas at San Antonio Abstract There is a lot of controversy surrounding the use of genetic modification in foods grown for human consumption. Many opponents suggest that genetically modified (GM) foods can affect human growth and development, increase allergic reactions in persons with allergy sensitivity or cause allergies to develop in healthy people. Proponents of using genetically modified organisms to alter and improve foods claim that there are no health risks to humans and that GM foods are subjected to stricter guidelines and testing than “naturally” grown food. They also claim that genetic modification of food is necessary to produce more drought tolerant, insect and disease resistant crops that can sustain the earth’s growing human population. A recent survey conducted suggests that public opinion is evenly divided on whether or not GMOs should be used in foods for human consumption. This paper looks to discuss the pros and cons of GMOs in food and the reported effects, if any, on human growth and development. The GM Food Controversy Introduction Genetically modified foods, or GM foods, are foods that have been modified to enhance certain traits for the purpose of making them more desirable. Genetic modifications alter the DNA of organisms to help it resist rotting, for example, as was the case for the first genetically modified tomato in 1994. The Food and Drug

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