The Government 's Strategic Options For Agriculture

1072 Words Sep 18th, 2016 5 Pages
Egypt is classified as a low-income, food-deficit country (LIFDC). In 1999 the country imported 7.9 million tons of grains or 50 percent of its needs. The Government’s strategic options for agriculture (up to 2017) include the following thematic elements: a) Achieve higher growth rate of 4.1 percent in the agricultural sector through vertical and horizontal expansion. b) Promote more efficient use of land and water, enhance agricultural research and extension, expand credit, and improve marketing cooperatives. c) Increase the value of exports by over two-fold (with respect to the current level), based on quality assurance and product safety, which are key to competitiveness under the World Trade Organization (WTO) policies and partnership agreements with the European Union (EU) and the United States. d) Develop livestock, poultry and fish resources to increase daily per capita animal protein consumption from 18 grams to 24 grams (Country Programmes 2001). There have been extensive introduction of new technologies and significant improvements in agricultural extension, marketing and credit. These efforts, together with area expansion through land reclamation, had contributed to an increase in agricultural production from 2.6 percent in the 1980s to 3.4 percent in the 1990s. The area available for cultivation increased from 2.6 million ha in 1982 to 3.3 million ha in 1995. In a given year, this area is used more than once; the average total cropped in a year amounts to 180…
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