The Grammar Of Urban African American Vernacular English By Walt Wolfram

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The grammar of urban African American Vernacular English by Walt Wolfram

• The roots of contemporary of African American Vernacular English (AAVE) were establish in the rural South .
• In the 20th century, it is associated with its use in non-Souther urban areas.
• Urban AAVE was a by-product of the great Migration o African-Americans moved from rural South to metropolitan areas of the North. o Demographic movement is not a sufficient explanation for the cultural shift. o 90% of African Americans lived in the South in 1910. o However, by 1970 47% of African Americans lived outside of the South. o In each communities, there are less than 2,500 African Americans. The metropolitan areas led to intensified racial isolation
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• I find it compelling that even if there were obvious distinction, it still does not necessarily match the reality of contemporary culture and language of African Americans.
• African Americans may be abandoning local regional traits as they move away from local dialect traits. o There are some evidence that there is a divergence from local regional dialect norms. o The current change is from urban centers outward.

The grammar of urban AAVE
• How does the shared core of AAVE structures an essential part of the unique linguistic story of AAVE?
• To understand the grammar of urban AAVE, it is vital to learn this on the basis of grammatical category o Verb phrase
 Use of tense, mood and aspect
 Distinct set of preverbal particles or auxiliaries

o Copula/auxiliary absence
 The absence of the forms is and are
 Copula absence remains in dispute
 The question whether it is derived through grammatical or phonological process
 What are the qualitative and quantitative differences of some Southern white rural vernacular varieties of English and AAVE?
 Differences in urban and non-urban are quantitative rather than qualitative

o Invariant be
 Also known as non-finite be, habitual be and be2.
 “The be playing

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