The Grand Narratives Of ' Alice 's Adventures ' Wonderland '

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One goal of postmodern critics is to question and analyze the grand narratives found in society (Gillespie 244). Postmodern critics scoff at people who accept grand narratives, or “comprehensive worldview[s]” (243) that can supposedly embody all the differences between people. Unlike grand narratives, discourse is “any particular interpretive viewpoint” (244), meaning that it can be different for each person. However, both grand narratives and dominant discourses are used by those in power to control society. Lewis Carroll 's novel, Alice 's Adventures in Wonderland, shows how society itself mirrors the discourses of those in power. The book was published in the mid-1800s, when education started to become more important and when schools had overly strict standards for their students. Alice, one of the said students, has been taught to adhere to certain guidelines that only apply in her society. Those guidelines have been drilled so deep into her head that she can not forget them, even in a completely new environment: Wonderland. Throughout the story, Alice attempts to apply the meanings that she learned in her old society to Wonderland. Carroll uses Alice’s words and reactions to the differences between Wonderland’s and her own meanings to deconstruct the ridgeness of Alice’s society’s dominant discourse. Alice’s ignorance about the discourses of the denizens of Wonderland reflects the lack of understanding of diversity in her society. The first character Alice talks to in

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