The Great Barrier Reef Of Australia 's Coral Reefs

1813 Words Apr 19th, 2016 8 Pages
Since commercial fishing in Australia’s coral reefs began in the early 1970s, overfishing, climate change, dynamite fishing, and pollution have contributed to a large-scale decline in the health of the reefs and the marine life that reside within them. The Great Barrier Reef stands as one of the most varied ecosystems in the world, serving as a natural environment for thousands of species of marine life. The reefs provide millions of dollars in revenue for Australia by attracting many tourists, providing fish, and by advancing medical research. The coral reefs are beneficial to Australia because they serve as a barrier to protect the land from large waves and tsunamis. Reef industries, such as fishing and tourism, which generate approximately 5.4 billion dollars annually for the Australian economy and support over 69,000 jobs, are dependent on a healthy environment (“The Great Barrier Reef”). Tourism is one of the largest commercial activities in the Great Barrier Reef region, playing an important role in presenting the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park to a wide range of visitors. There is a myriad range of tourism operations in the Great Barrier Reef including tours, snorkeling, scuba diving, fishing charters, cruises, whale watching, and swimming with dolphins (“Experiences in the Region”). The fishing industry in Australia depends on the reefs since many fish breed there and young fish occupy time there before making their way to the open sea (“Biodiversity and…
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