The Great Chilean Earthquake And Its Impact On Earth

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Earthquakes have been around for longer than humans have roamed the Earth. Even though humans haven’t been around to record all earthquakes, they have been around to record many significant ones in the past that have done damages to not only civilizations, but human lives and even the economy. A prime example of an earthquake that wreaked havoc on Earth was the Great Chilean Earthquake. This was the world’s largest ever recorded earthquake which had a magnitude of 9.5 that hit near Valdivia, Chile on May 22, 1960 at 19:11. This was the largest earthquake of the 20th century that triggered large tsunamis to occur all through the Pacific Ocean Basin. This earthquake destroyed large amounts of buildings, killed many people, and had a significant impact on the economy. The Great Chilean Earthquake was what scientists call a Megathrust earthquake. Megathrust earthquakes occur at subduction zones at destructive convergent boundaries and are the most powerful earthquakes in the world that can generally create tsunamis (Subduction Zone: Tsunami Generated by Megathrust Earthquake n.d.). This megathrust earthquake occurred where the Nazca Plate is subducting underneath the South American Plate and in doing so it produced a 500-mile-long rupture zone from Talca, Chile to the Chiloe Archipelago (World’s Largest Recorded Earthquake, n.d.). The Nazca Plate and South American Plate are an example of ocean-continent convergent boundary plates. The Nazca Plate is subducted underneath the
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