The Great Depression And World War II

955 WordsApr 5, 20164 Pages
In America, the period between the Great Depression and World War II was rife with uncertainty. The struggles of the Great Depression were over, but their lasting effects shed doubt on America’s future. Persephone, was an attempt by Thomas Hart Benton in 1939 to cement regionalism as the official American art style during this era. However, despite his attempt to promote hope in America’s future, while still acknowledging the despair of the Great Depression, Persephone was regarded as obscene. Regionalism was a movement that grew as America tried to discover its own art style during the modernist era. This movement’s importance is highlighted by its temporal span: beginning during the Great Depression and ending after World War II. This was a time in which traditional agricultural values were giving way to further industrialization in America. Artists painted nostalgic landscapes and portraits of American everyday life in an attempt to promote a more rural life instead of an urban one. They were also trying to paint in a more realistic manner as a way to distinguish themselves from the European style of abstractionism, the progressive counterpart to regionalism, as World War II drew ever nearer. Thomas Hart Benton, a leading steward of the regionalism movement, was born in 1889 in the small town of Neosho, Missouri . He moved to Chicago to study art while still in his teens, and was far away from the rural landscapes that he painted . He only returned to the Midwest in 1935
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