The Great Depression and the Dirty Thirties

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There were many causes of the Great Depression (need help on the first sentence). Yes, the stock market crash was a main reason of the Depression, but it actually began long before that, with the Roaring 20’s. With such a large disparity between the rich and the poor, the overproduction of goods (too much too quickly), and people racing to buy stocks, it was only fitting that it would soon come to an end. Before it actually crashed, the stock market played an important factor leading up to the Great Depression as well. As people were borrowing money to pay for stocks (on margin), they became more and more in debt, and caused the stock market crash to be a huge surprise to them. During the summer of 1929, an “ordinary recession” occurred,…show more content…
Meanwhile, during 1933, unemployment skyrocketed, with a total of 11 million people (25% of America) looking for work. 1933 was also a big year for the Dust Bowl, with over 38 dust storms reported during the year. Farmers, who had not been thriving since before the Progressive Era, took a turn for the worse when the Depression hit. Due to poor farming techniques over the years and sustained drought, the Plains winds rose billowing clouds of dust to the skies, known as dust storms, which could last for days. When farmers plowed the grasslands too deeply, the ground cover, which held the soil in place, slowly vanished, and so the storms raged on. Although the farms outdoors were suffering, homes suffered as well. People did their best to seal the homes, covering every crack with cloth, and laying damp sheets over doorways and windows, but even the most well-sealed homes could have an inch-thick layer of dust covering their furniture. Children had to walk to school wearing damp cloths over their mouths and handkerchiefs covering their eyes in a futile attempt to avoid letting the dust in. Some farmers tried new farming techniques or simply waited out the storms. However, quite a few farmers moved out west to California or Oregon, looking for a new life. Although the Dust Bowl continued until 1939, a plethora of Second New Deal programs helped provide new jobs for farmers and helped the

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