The Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald

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When F. Scott Fitzgerald first came out as an author his works were not greatly appreciated as they are now. In the early twentieth century wealth, power, and status - otherwise known as the American Dream- were the goals of many. Fitzgerald used the American Dream as the backdrop for most of his works, and in doing so he illuminated the theme of self-deception. Most people in these times were not rich, powerful, or had high status so to deceive others and themselves they lied about who they were. Take his novel The Great Gatsby, the absence of anything real beneath masks of pretense and self-deception define the novel. Three of the main characters, Nick Carraway, Tom Buchanan, and Jay Gatsby, all demonstrate self-deception in one way or another. Even in Fitzgerald’s short stories self- deception is a reoccurring theme. Absolution shows a child protagonist, Rudolph Miller, who is inclined to habitually and instinctively lie just to look like the best version of him. In both of these works, Fitzgerald’s uses hypocrisy, narcissism, and delusions within his characters to demonstrate the three different forms of self-deception he believes are within humanity. As a result of the readers knowledge being filtered through Nick Carraway in The Great Gatsby it can already be said that there is little honesty in the story telling due to the judgemental and narrow minded character “his language is consistently seen to work against the demands of veracity” (Will, 2005), unlike
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