Essay about The Great Gatsby & the American Dream

4402 WordsFeb 18, 201318 Pages
The Great Gatsby and the American Dream The Great Gatsby is an interesting and thought-provoking novel by the American writer F. Scott Fitzgerald that sets to explore important and complex social themes such as the hollowness of the upper class and the characteristics and decline of the American Dream during the prosperous years preceding the Great Depression. The Great Gatsby is presented at the surface as a thwarted love story between a man, Jay Gatsby, and a woman, Daisy Buchanan. However, the main theme of the novel goes beyond this and comprises a larger, and indeed less romantic, social context. Furthermore, despite the novel's setting in New York during the summer of 1922 it is still a representation of America throughout the whole…show more content…
The sphere of this decade is dominated by cynicism, greed, and the empty pursuit of pleasure. Fitzgerald seems to suggest that the reckless jubilance that created the opportunities for while decadent parities and loud jazz music, similarly to Gatsby’s parties every night, was the direct result of this atmosphere. However, the pursuit of pleasure in such a manner did not bring happiness or fulfillment but only brought about the corruption of the American Dream. This corruption of the American Dream is due to the unrestrained desire for power and money, which surpassed any sense of nobility in people's goals and motivations. To understand this presentation of the American Dream one has to first comprehend the characteristics of this Dream. The American Dream encompasses the myth of America's birth, a myth that is defined by a familiar phrase: The New World. The establishment of the United States, the growth of the country and its power in such a short time, and the sense of success felt across the nation as a result created the concept of the American Dream. America was conceived originally as a new beginning, a new world, a second chance. It was a world that contrasted with the Old World’s structure and all its corruption, social divisions, tyranny, and superficiality. On this basis is the American Dream founded. The key concepts that lie at the heart of the American
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