The Great Hall Of The People

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The Great Hall of the People was executed after the chaos of the wars as well as the initial success of the industrialization, and it was a crowning work in the Tian’anmen Square. It is as if in the historical context of the German Expressionist architecture as the total work of art with an intention to generate civil unity through erections of interactive, multi-functional structures (also, the Alpine architecture). For the Chinese Communist leaders and the population, the Great Hall symbolizes the socialist visions of grandeur, surplus, equality, all-inclusiveness, and collectivism. Even though the Chinese society was far behind the western superpowers, the gesture of catching up and surpassing them through socialist construction is…show more content…
A comprehensive vision of combing arts from multiple sources to create an architectural totality goes hand-in-hand with the socialist utopia, and this vision is kept unchanged in today’s China: the Great Hall of the People continues to carry the same functions as those in the 60s and 70s, stunning the viewers from abroad, in Beijing, and through televisions. The political structure of China remains unchanged, but the chief governing program shifted from class struggle (jieji douzheng 阶级斗争) to economic construction (jingji jianshe 经济建设). The economic boom enhances materialism and individualism, and endangers the spiritual realm of China. Then, someone vows to rescue the spiritual and aesthetic declines by sponsoring a museum in Southern China.

III. Countering the Materialistic Myopia
The Muxin Art Museum as a Personal Total Work of Art for Aesthetic Education

As I heard: a cultural desert must nurture a Renaissance.
据说:文化沙漠必然导致文艺复兴。 -- Muxin 木心 (2003)

One of the interior designers, among many, of the Great Hall of the People is Muxin (1927-2011; formerly known as Sun Pu). A man educated in the Shanghai School of Art and mentored by Lin Fengmian, Muxin enjoyed the positivity of the social transformation induced by the 1917-19 revolutions. He spent his childhood in a watertown of Jiaxing, East China, fewer than 100 km away from the most
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