The Great Man Theory Of Leadership

963 WordsFeb 24, 20164 Pages
The earliest study of leadership, Galton’s (1869) Hereditary Genius underlined a founding concept that evolved into most prevalent ideas about leadership through to the present. Leadership is seen to be distinguished as simply a trait found in extraordinary individuals. Known as the great man theory, the formation of leadership has developed into the study of leadership characteristics, to be supplanted by the theories I will be discussing in my essay. It is necessary to firstly define the term leadership before discussing it. Rost (1993) revealed a total of 221 differing definitions of leadership. Some being unambiguous, whilst others were more broad in their conceptions. Bass (2008) argued that it is trivial to pursue a singular definition of leadership. (Yukl, 2010) simply defines it as “the process of influencing others to understand and agree about what needs to be done and how to do it, and the process of facilitating individual and collective efforts to accomplishing shared objectives.” This makes leadership a separate ideology to management, which is a process of organisation, planning and controlling resources to reach certain goals set by the higher ups in the organisation. What is a high performing team? The centre for organisational design describes it as “a group of people with harmonising talents and skills in their specific roles, united under one purpose, who consistently show commitment and high levels of motivation, innovation and collaboration, that
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