The Great Migration

1269 WordsMar 14, 20176 Pages
Without The Great Migration, or the migration of African Americans from 1915 to 1970 from the south to the north, the north would have suffered economically (Wilkerson 8). Specifically, without the Great Migration, the north would have faced extensive job shortages, that would have eventually led to economic turmoil. One cause of The Great Migration was the need for southern African Americans to take industrial jobs in the north. Furthermore, during times of war, many men were removed from the workforce, meaning that the north needed additional workers to fill the now vacated spots. (The Great) The north needed the southern African Americans in order to fill these slots, and without them, the north’s economy would have suffered…show more content…
During World War I, 4,734,991 people were involved, during World War II 16,112,566 were involved, during the Korean War, 5,720,000 were involved, and during the Vietnam War, 8,744,000 were involved. (America’s) These created a situation where large amounts of people were removed from their jobs. These jobs needed to be filled, along with the myriad of other jobs that were created during the migration. Southern African Americans seemed to be a solution, as they were trying to get out of their current situations, and the north needed workers. At times, northern companies sent recruiters to draw more southern African American to work in the north. (The Great)The north needed people to take these jobs, and southern African Americans fit the bill. While some of these jobs created by wars and by industrialization were taken by immigrants, this group could not have accounted and taken all the jobs that needed to be filled in the north. First, immigrants were not being accepted at an extremely high rate during the Great Migration. Right before the United States entered the first world war, the number of legal immigrants dropped by nearly one million, with the number in 1917 being 295,403. During the Great Migration, the highest amount of legal immigrants coming into the United States was 805,228 in 1921, and the lowest amount of legal immigrants coming in being 23,725 in 1943, during a
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