The Great Migration Research Paper

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The Great Migration brought about a massive redistribution of the African American population throughout the United States. It transformed black ways of life, art, and institutions, as well as the demographics and cultures of many American cities.
During World War I there was a great migration north by southern Negroes See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
In the late nineteenth century, following Reconstruction, thousands of black southerners migrated to other regions of the country, seeking a better life. A majority of these migrants moved to rural areas and continued to work in agriculture. These early population shifts were decidedly different from the Great Migration of the 1920s, which involved much larger numbers
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World War I brought about labor shortages in the North as the supply of European immigrant labor decreased along with the native-born white male labor force after the United States entered the war in 1917. Job opportunities previously closed to African Americans thus opened, and many black southerners moved to northern cities for work. The Immigration Acts of 1921 and 1924 restricted immigration, particularly from southern and eastern Europe, further stimulating the demand for labor and quickening the Great Migration.
By 1920, black southerners were hearing firsthand from earlier migrants and from black newspapers about jobs, salaries, and living conditions in the North that were far superior to those in the South. As a result, around one million African Americans moved north during the 1920s, causing black population explosions in many urban centers. Between 1920 and 1930, the black population in Detroit grew by nearly 300 percent, in New York by 115 percent, and in Chicago by 114 percent. By 1930, more than 20 percent of the country’s black population lived in the
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Black Protest and the Great Migration: A Brief History with Documents. New York: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2002. Analyzes the causes of the Great Migration and the origins of black political organization using period publications.
Harrison, Alferdteen. Black Exodus: The Great Migration from the American South. Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 1992. Focuses on the cultural and socioeconomic effects on both the areas of origin and destination.
Sernett, Milton C. Bound for the Promised Land: African American Religion and the Great Migration. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press Books, 1997. Explores the role of the Great Migration in transforming black churches into centers for social activism.
Trotter, Joe William Jr., ed. The Great Migration in Historical Perspective: New Dimensions of Race, Class, and Gender. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991. A collection of essays examining the role of black social networks in spurring the exodus from the South.
Wilkerson, Isabel. The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America’s Great Migration. New York: Random, 2010. Discusses the history of the Great Migration through the stories of a number of individual African Americans who made the
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