The Great Papal Schism In The Roman Catholic Church

1668 Words7 Pages
The Great Papal Schism The Great Papal Schism is also known as the Western Schism that lasted from 1378 – 1417, during which the papacy (the position itself) was in great divide between three popes in the Roman Catholic Church. This political upheaval within the Roman Catholic Church caused distrust of the western civilization towards the church. It began after the Avignon Papacy or the more commonly referred to, “Babylonian captivity of the papacy” which was when the papal court was moved to France and French cardinals who later became popes from 1309-1378 resided in Avignon, France (a total of seven French popes by the papal names Clement V all the way to Gregory XI, who moved the court back to Rome) while being heavily influenced by the French kings; this also resulted to the decline of the papal power and authority (Miller, Study.com).
The Babylonian captivity ended after the death of Gregory XI in 1378, with the deposition of the papal court from France back to Rome to end the upheaval within the holy city. The movement of the church from Rome to France caused so much disturbance in Rome that when Gregory moved the papal court back to Rome, the people were demanding that an Italian pope be elected after Gregory’s death. This led to the election of Urban VI, whose non-papal name was Bartolommeo Prignano, and was chosen by the cardinals. However, the city was in major turmoil from the so-called Babylonian captivity that the Vatican palace (or papal palace) was stormed
Open Document