The Great Pyramids : The Seven Wonders Of The Ancient World

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The Pyramids are the most oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the just a single to remain to a great extent in place. The largest of the three pyramids at Giza, known as the Great Pyramid, is truly an astonishing work of engineering. It was built over a twenty year period. Some believe that it was built by slaves, but this is not true. One hundred thousand people worked on the great structure for three months of each year, during the Nile’s annual flood when it was impossible to farm the land and most of the population was unemployed. The pharaoh provided good food and clothing for his workers, and was kindly remembered in folk tales for many centuries. The sides are oriented to the four cardinal points of the compass and the length of each side at the base is 755 feet (230.4 m). The faces rise at an angle of 51º 52’ and their original height was 481 feet (147 m). (They currently rise 451 feet [138 m].) It was constructed using around 2,300,000 limestone blocks, each weighing an average of 2.5 tons. Some blocks weigh as much as 16 tons. For centuries, the Great Pyramid was encased in smooth limestone, but this was plundered in our era to build Cairo.
Old-fashioned Egyptians assumed that when the master passed on, some bit of his spirit (called "Ka") remained with his body. To really control to his spirit, the dead body was preserved, and everything the master would require in presence in the wake of death was secured with him, including gold vessels,

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