The Great Schism of 1054 that occurred in the Catholic Church has left a once united people

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The Great Schism of 1054 that occurred in the Catholic Church has left a once united people separated because of conflict. These issues that tore them apart are still true today and the relations between Catholics and Orthodox Christians has yet to be repaired.

The Eastern Schism was a result of many problems but it was largely a struggle between two main churches; the Western Church located in Rome, and the Eastern Church that was centered in Constantinople. Barbarian invaders, who were on a mission to recapture their lands, were a main influence on the separation of the Roman Empire of the time. When Diocletian named two Capitals to his empire, Rome and Constantinople, it made communication very difficult and inadvertently led to a
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The Pope supported Ignatius over Photius and because of this he became outraged with the Latin Church. He condemned Western theology and practice. His biggest issue was the Western Church’s addition of the phrase “and from the Son” (filioque) to the Nicene Creed (Pennock 113). The Eastern Church was completely against this phrase and object that the Holy Spirit came through the Son, not from the Son. A conclusive split occurred when in the 11th century when Popes began to assert their authority over the whole Church under German emperors. This gave rise to a figure by the name of Michael Cerularius who preached a strong and violent anti-Latin attitude. He like others before him were angered by the filoque (and from the Son) clause that was added to the Nicene Creed. Additionally, he was extremely opposed to the Western tradition of clerical celibacy (priest allowed to be married after ordination) and the unleavened bread used for Eucharist. He took it to the extent of closing all Latin Churches in Constantinople and excommunicating any priest that gave mass in Latin. This was the final straw in the rift between the East and the West (Latin vs. Greek). This effectively marks the split between the two sides.

A positive relationship between the two Christian groups has not been restored though there have been efforts to do so. IN the years shortly after the schism, there were attempts to restore a connection through councils such as the Second Council of Lyons
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