The Greatest Effects Of The Enlightenment Era

2374 Words Feb 18th, 2015 10 Pages
The Enlightenment era spanned the late 16th and 17th hundreds and it was a movement in which thinkers such as Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Thomas Pain, and Adam Smith sought to make advances in a similar manner to the occurrences in this period with scientific achievements/improvements. Two of the greatest effects of the Enlightenment era were the American and French Revolutions, which gained their foundation from the revolutionary ideas brought forward by the Enlightenment thinkers. The leaders of the American and French Revolutions were seeking to create new governments reflecting some of the values and ideas of the Enlightenment thinkers. One of the many influential Enlightenment thinkers was a philosopher by the name of Thomas Hobbes, who also served as a teacher to the first male child of Charles I, the monarch of England. The beheading of the England’s monarch in 1649 for treason had a profound influence on Thomas Hobbes and left him extremely troubled and horrified. The beheading of England’s monarch led Tomas Hobbes to argue for the presence of absolute monarchy in his work The Leviathan in 1651, which effectively kicked off the Enlightenment. In the Leviathan, Hobbes narrated his theory that all human beings are inherently self-driven, evil, and violent at heart thus an all powerful monarch who ruled under an absolute monarchy would serve to be the best form of government to keep order and ensure the welfare of people at heart. Hobbes further informed that if the…
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