Greece was a very high-class civilization, where the government was based on city-states. Perhaps their greatest invention of all was the form of government they came up with, which we still use today-democracy. However these Greek democracies are nothing like our democracy today. The probably most well known ruler of Greece was Alexander the Great. He was the leader of Macedonia, the city-state that took control over Greece, and he eventually gained control over Greece as a whole. Alexander the Great was probably the best leader of all time in Greece. He conquered new lands, but he was the first person to adopt the new land's customs, instead of forcing his customs on the new territory. This is why many of the civilizations he conquered actually were glad he took them over. He also encouraged his soldiers to marry the women from the new territories to show cultural involvement.
The ancient Greeks were some very interesting people. From their earlier days until the time of their civilization, the Greeks still had a quest for power and prestige. Regardless of what the Greeks went through, they still remained a very dominant force in the ancient world of Europe.
Ancient Greeks are well known for many creations and teachings. In our modern world we have reflected what the Greeks had made, like libraries, some of there teachings and their ideas that we use today like theaters and art. We have art today in museums and around the world that started from the Ancient Greeks and their amazing mindset on art. The Ancient Greeks cultures, education system and governmental structure makes us have a democracy that we use in the modern day. The Greeks with good ideas we took their ideas and made something better out of it and made people around the world to the same.
One result of the revolution in Athens in 508 BCE was that Cleisthenes was made the leader of Athens. Athens wanted Cleisthenes to be the ruler because he promised to give the power to the people. “Cleisthenes… enlisted the people on his side, offering to hand over the government to the multitude” (Aristotle). Cleisthenes was one of the most influential leaders of Ancient Athens. He wanted to end the tyranny and aristocracy that had previously ruled Athens. Democracy was important to the Athenians because with democracy, they were not ruled by selfish tyrants or greedy aristocrats. The last ruler of Athens was a tyrant named Hippias ("Ancient Sources"). Hippias was exiled from Athens by the citizens with help from the Spartans.
The Greek Golden Age was ushered in by war, and the result of such barbaric actions was Greece's greatest humanistic achievements. The start of the war that heralded the Greek Golden Age began with the Ionian revolt. This revolt led to mainland Greek assisting the Ionian cities to stave off the ever expanding Persian imperialism. The war became known as the Greco-Persian war and was fought with Greece standing at a united front, however, at the end of the Greco-Persian war around 480 B.C.E., Athens claimed political dominion among the city states of Greece; afterwards, commercial supremacy in the Aegean sea fell to Athens thus granting them a vastly improved age of trade. Due to the vigor that enhanced commerce and victory had granted, the Athenians ushered in an age of Drama, philosophy, music, art, and architecture that would later be known as the Greek Golden Age. This golden age is widely recognized as one of the greatest creative movements in the history of the world as far
Greece has contributed to our history in battle and in mythology. They came up with all sorts of tactics and strategies to help them advance in warfare. They had iron weapons, a phalanx and so much more. People always hear stories about Sparta and Athens battling. There are tales of Persia and the Underdogs. We hear of invasions and wars. But most of all, we hear of victories, and celebration. We hear about economies being rebuilt and jobs being restored.
Ancient Greeks have contributed very much to Western Civilization. Their contributions have made a huge impact on Western Civilization. They developed many different kinds of philosophy, democracy, history, art, architecture, math, science and many more. A majority of these things advanced during the Greek Golden Age when Pericles was in power.
Ancient Greece (from the 8th to 6th centuries BC) was a significant milestone in the development of civilization, moving away from tribal societies and finding a way to unite politically, not just culturally. There were questions being asked in this time that had never been thought before, and the first democracy was put into action.
For most of its early history Greece was a confederation of city-states. Which included Sparta, Corinth, Athens, Megara, and Argos. The Spartans, were recognized as one of the most fierce warrior states in known history. The Corinthians, were problem solvers and had the best innovations of ancient Greece states. Athenians, were the most schooled and cultured of the city-states the birthplace of philosophy considered the leader of the city-states. Megarians, were the best known for there ship-building and sailors out of all the states. Then there was the Argonians, were the economically sound and were excellent traders. Then Philip the Second of Macedonia, in 359 B.C. Conquered and quelled the Greek City-States, and united them under one banner
Athens was located on the Western Europe specifically it’s one of the city on Greece. It was the first birth of democracy and also it was the home of education, that’s included Philosophy, Artists and so many scientists were appeared in Athens. In this city there were so many government came out, but none of them didn’t satisfy what the Athenian people wanted, except one king was called Pericles. He was the first leader who proposed democracy and made Athens glorious by different directions, those were by their military, economy and by other things. The important thing why we learned about Athenian history is their astonishing change in the Western Europe . That means they were super smart in Architecture, artist and so many
Solon is the second person to reform the laws of Athens. He began revising laws in the 590s BC and “allowed all men in Athens to take part in the assembly that governed the city and to serve on the juries that heard trials” (SOURCE 1). Along with participation in the assembly, Solon “forbade the practice of debt slavery and set up a fund to buy back Athenian slaves who had been sold abroad” (SOURCE 2). Solon “based eligibility for political office on property qualifications, not birth,” permitting those not born of high social status to have the opportunity to hold an office (SOURCE 2). Through all of these events, society still did not accept the laws and because of this, more problems arose. During the troubles and chaos, a man by the name of Peisistratus “took advantage of the renewed conflict to seize power” (SOURCE 1). Peisistratus is a tyrant among the Athenians, however, is a popular person. This is because he “proceeded to institute Solon’s reforms” (SOURCE 2). The men of Athens who participated in the democracy were to “vote in all elections, serve in office if elected, serve on juries, and serve in the military during the war” (SOURCE 1). Cleisthenes, another law reformer, “divided Athens into 10 tribes based on where people lived” and “made these new tribes…the basis for elections” (SOURCE 1). The tribes had to send
Democracy first appeared in Ancient Greece, in the political hive known as Athens. It soon caught on and was widely used by the whole Greek country. Granted, there were some opposers, such as Plato. Plato thought that everything about the idea of Democracy was just complete HE THOROUGHLY DISLIKED DEMOCRACY BECAUSE IT WAS HIS OWN OPINION. The reasoning behind that thinking? He thought that letting the Citizens decide would be giving the power to the masses and they’d use it for personal matters other than the general good. He also attacked Athenian Democracies for being Libertarian societies where anarchy is mistaken for freedom. Democracy WAS UNUSED AND NOT INCREDIBLY POPULAR until the 1600’s. Even still, in the 1600’s only 10~ societies
The organization and political structure of Athens was built on a manner of crisis and was in a desperate cry for order. There were many motivating factors that contributed to the need of reconstruction and change in Attica. For instance, the increase of trade and commerce was imperative for the rise of the new wealthy classes demanding in the participation of political influence. The increase in political governance was crucial because it permitted all citizens to have an impact, decreasing the chance of tyranny. After Kylon`s attempt of tyranny, many Athenians were in fear of another rule under tyranny. Therefore, future rulers such as Solon and Cleisthenes created that sense of security in the city state that sparked the change