The Green Revolution

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The human population has been growing exponentially ever since the Industrial Revolution. “Between 1800 and 2011, population size increased sevenfold” and it is only going to keep growing, reaching 10 billion by 2100 (Lee, 2011). New technologies have allowed societies to advance and multiply quicker than ever before due to new medicines and better access to basic necessities like food and water. The Green Revolution, which took place from the 1930’s to the 1960’s, indicates the development and modernization of agriculture through means of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO’s), synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, and the distribution of hybridized seeds to other countries; specifically, the third world. This agricultural progress…show more content…
Various dead zones litter not just lakes, but coastal regions as well because of the impure water runoff that leaks into the ocean. The pesticides used to farm fields are full of nutrients and once they enter streams and rivers, they have the ability to produce large algae deposits which take the oxygen and nitrogen out of the water, harming aquatic life. Not only do humans taint about ground water supplies, they also are pumping water out of underground aquifers faster than they can be replenished. Once used up, groundwater is gone from that location forever and people are drawing water at an unsustainable rate. Groundwater is used mainly for agricultural purposes so it does not come as a surprise that the aquifers below large agricultural areas are being depleted at a quicker rate than those not near large crop fields. It is estimated “that the size of the global groundwater footprint is currently about 3.5 times the actual area of aquifers and that about 1.7 billion people live in areas where groundwater resources and/or groundwater-dependent ecosystems are under threat” (Gleeson, Wada, Bierkens, M., & van Beek, P.H. (2012). The need to constantly produce massive amounts of grain and other foods is taxing aquifers beyond their capacity, endangering the jobs and lives of billions of people. Although scientists do not know the specifics of how much water remains
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