The Grignard Synthesis of Triphenylmethanol

3162 Words Apr 8th, 2011 13 Pages
Abstract: The purpose of this lab was to synthesize triphenylmethanol from benzophenone and bromobenzene by the formation of a Grignard compound with the reagents bromobenzene and magnesium metal. The bromobenzene was first transformed into the Grignard compound and was then reacted with the benzophenone to make the final product. The mixture was then mixed with sulfuric acid and the organic layer was extracted via a separatory funnel. The mixture was then recrystallized from methanol and was allowed to dry and the percent yield, melting point, and the IR was obtained. The mass of the product obtained was 5.45 grams and the percentage yield was determined to be 41.95%. The melting point range obtained from the final product was 89-91°C …show more content…
5.3 mL of bromobenzne and 15 mL of anhydrous ether was then placed into the separatory funnel and was shaken and vented in order to mix the solution. Half of the bromobenzene solution was added first into the round bottom flask and as soon as a color change was observed, the remaining half of the bromobenzene was added drop wise into the round bottom flask. The mixture was then refluxed on a heating mantle for 10 minutes until most of the magnesium has been consumed.
After the initial mixture has refluxed, 9.11 grams of benzophenone was dissolved in 100 mL of anhydrous ether in a beaker and was then transferred into the separatory on the reflux apparatus. This solution was then added to the Grignard reagent at a drop wise rate while stirring. After the benzophenone was added, the mixture was then refluxed for 15 minutes on a heating mantle.
After the mixture finished refluxing, the flask was then cooled on ice. A sulfuric acid solution was then prepared by pouring 4.5 mL of concentrated H2SO4 over 50 grams of ice and then diluted to 75 mL by adding enough tap water to reach 75 mL. The sulfuric acid solution was then cooled on ice.
The Claisen adapter was then removed from the 250 mL round bottom flask and the condenser was then attached to the top of the round bottom flask which was then put on ice. The sulfuric acid solution was then poured through the condenser in order to protonate the product. A stirring rod was then used to dislodge any solid that was stuck to

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