The Growing Problem of Resistance to Antibiotics

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The problem of antibiotic resistance has been a growing concern as years pass, and has become one of the world’s most pressing health concerns. Antibiotics are substances of medicinal purposes that inhibit the growth of bacteria like tuberculosis and malaria. Antibiotics are used to prevent infections of possibly fatal diseases. The resistance to an antibiotic occurs when a bacterium changes in a way that makes an antibiotic ineffective against a targeted bacterium. There are many causes of antibiotic resistance, some due to prescription methods and some due to evolution. The man who invented penicillin predicted the future resistance to antibiotics, saying, “There is the danger that the ignorant man may easily underdose himself and by exposing his microbes to non-lethal quantities of the drug make them resistant” (Fleming, 1945). As stated above, antibiotic resistance occurs when an antibiotic becomes ineffective against a bacterium due to the evolution of a bacterium (Tufts University, n.d.). If a bacterium is resistant to an antibiotic, the bacterium continues to grow and reproduce even with the presence of an antibiotic. Recently, the number of bacterial resistance to antibiotics has grown substantially. On average in the past few years, over twenty-three thousand Americans die from infections caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria. The most common, detrimental resistant bacteria include acinetobacter, anthrax, gonorrhea, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus,
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