The Growth Of The Elderly Population

779 WordsSep 3, 20154 Pages
The elderly have had considerably lowering SNAP take-up rates than other age groups. The growing aging population created a downward trajectory for participation rates because as more become eligible for SNAP they continue to have one of the lowest rates of SNAP take-up. Additionally, the take-up among the aging population drastically varies by state impacting the overall participation rate among the subgroup. States that have a high proportion of eligible seniors living in rural areas have lower elderly SNAP take-up rates, than those states where more eligible elderlies lives in more urban areas. States in the Northeast like Vermont and Massechesutts have elderly SNAP take-up rates in the 60% range, while states like Wyoming, Arkansas, and Kansas have elderly SNAP take-up rates between 24% and 27%. Thus, as Americans age the overall SNAP participation is impacted (Cunnyngham, 2010; Gundersen & Ziliak, 2008; Ziliak, 2013). Consequently, as the elderly population grows it becomes an important population to examine with regard to why their participation rates are so low. Research has shown that elderly individuals have self-identified the complex or lengthy application processes as a contributing factor to not participating in food stamps. Literature has also found the criteria for eligibility to be too complex to determine if they may even qualify for the benefit. For example elderly individuals often incorrectly believe they are only eligible for the minimum SNAP benefit,
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