The Haber Process

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The haber process is one of the most important discoveries in the past few centuries. The process is a chemical reaction. N2 (g) + 3H22 (g) ⇌ 2NH3 (g) The binding of Nitrogen molecules in the air to Hydrogen molecules to produce Ammonia, the double (⇌) arrows in the equation states that the equation is reversible. As the equation works both ways the Ammonia can decompose back into Nitrogen and Hydrogen molecules. Basically it’s turning air into fertiliser and without this process, farmers wouldn’t be able to produce enough food to feed the world. Nitrate is an essential nutrient for plants to survive. Plants consume the nitrogen the soil as they grow and this nitrogen can be regenerated by decomposing animal or plant decay, but this is a much slower process for farmer who want to grow food much faster. Now the thing is, the air around us consists of 78% of Nitrogen but the thing is crops are unable to suck the Nitrogen from the air because it contain very strong triple bonds between the molecules which the crops are unable to surpass. Thus, in 1908, the German Chemist, Fritz Haber developed a chemical formula to utilise the extensive supply of Nitrogen in the air and transfer it to the soil to be consumed by the plants. Haber discovered a method of combining Nitrogen and Hydrogen molecules to produce Ammonia, which can be then be injected into the soil where is quickly converted into nitrate. Now Haber needed to find a way of producing a lot of Ammonia and fast. Haber
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