The Hague Visby Rules Regulations

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The Hague–Visby Rules were adapted after the Brussels Amendments of 1968 (officially the "Protocol to Amend the International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law Relating to Bills of Lading") originally from " The International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading 1924 (Hague Rules)" . International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading 1968 comes out from the model of The Harter Act 1892 from the US Congress which later on laid down The Hague-Visby Rules. Many states adapted these rules in theirs common law as well; such as Australia, USA and Great Britain and further over 80 states are signatories of these rules. The idea of…show more content…
The Hague-Visby rules are not free from drafting and vetting problems, where there is no clear indication of contracting parties under definition of contract . The article 10 of Hague-Visby rules states “The provisions of this Convention shall apply to all bills of lading issued in any of the contracting States” Thus, the Hague Rules shall only apply to the external shipment i.e. shipment from a port of the contracting states to a foreign port. As for the inward shipment i.e. shipment from any port outside the contracting states to any port in the contracting states, apparently, the Hague Rules do not apply but rather the law of the country from where the goods were shipped would be the applicable law. On the other hand the Hamburg rules clearly indicating the contract in terms of parties .The Hamburg rules covers all contracts for the carriage of the sea and applicable to waybills, consignment notes, etc. The monopoly or unilateral action can lead to too extreme a use of exception—as did in the bill of lading, which led to the creation of Hague Visby rules. Bill of lading has the utmost importance in the current legal regime and as the part of the International Convention for the unification of Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading . The Hague-Visby Rules do not expressly
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