The Hardy Weinberg Principle, No Natural Selection

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Research Question:
If all five conditions mentioned within the Hardy-Weinberg Principle are met (random mating, large populations, no mutations, no migration, no natural selection), will the population remain in genetic equilibrium?
Background Information:
The Hardy-Weinberg Principle or the Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium Model states that “allele and genotype frequencies in a population will remain constant from generation to generation in the absence of other evolutionary influences” (Version, T.). In order for genetic equilibrium to be maintained, five conditions must be met:
- Random Mating: all individuals within a population must have an equal opportunity to pass on their alleles
- Large Populations: random changes in allele
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- p2 + 2pq + q2 = 1 ; where ‘p2’ represents the homozygous dominant genotype, ‘2pq’ represents the heterozygous genotype, and ‘q2’ represents the homozygous recessive genotype
This equation is used to calculate the genotype frequency, so 1 = 100% of the population.
In a large, randomly mating population where mutations, migration, and natural selection are no longer viable, the allele and genotypic frequencies will remain at equilibrium. If any of these conditions are changed, then the allele and genotype frequencies will be unable to maintain genetic equilibrium.
Independent Variable(s) – Alleles (only 2 options)
Dependent Variable(s) – Allele Frequency, Genotype Frequency
Controlled Variable(s) – The control group is the first group of data taken with the cheerios where there is random mating, large population (100 alleles), no mutations, no migration, and no natural selection.
Control of Variables:
In this experiment, in order to conform to the requirements of the Hardy-Weinberg Principle, it is necessary to control five differing factors:
1. Random Mating
2. Large Populations
3. Absence of Mutations
4. Absence of Migration
5. Absence of Natural Selection
In order to control all of these factors throughout the experiment, one must randomly select the alleles (cheerios), must have a larger population size
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