The Harlem Renaissance

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The Harlem Renaissance represents the rebirth and flowering of African-American culture. Although the Harlem Renaissance was concentrated in the Harlem district of New York City, its legacy reverberated throughout the United States and even abroad, to regions with large numbers of former slaves or blacks needing to construct ethnic identities amid a dominant white culture. The primary means of cultural expression during the Harlem Renaissance were literature and poetry, although visual art, drama, and music also played a role in the development of the new, urban African-American identity. Urbanization and population migration prompted large numbers of blacks to move away from the Jim Crow south, where slavery had only transformed into institutionalized racism and political disenfranchisement. The urban enclave of Harlem enabled blacks from different parts of the south to coalescence, share experiences, and most importantly, share ideas, visions, and dreams. Therefore, the Harlem Renaissance had a huge impact in framing African-American politics, social life, and public institutions.
Poetry became a primary medium by which African-Americans could explore the "new Negro" identity that flourished during the Harlem Renaissance (Academy of American Poets). Countee Cullen, Claude McKay, Langston Hughes, Jessie Redmon Fauset, Georgia Douglas Johnson, and Gwendolyn Bennett are among the literary greats of the Harlem Renaissance. Although each poet cultivated a unique style, there
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