The Harlem Renaissance Essay

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The Harlem Renaissance, a cultural movement that began in the 1920s, brought an excitement and a new found freedom and voice to African-Americans who had been silent and oppressed for a long time. The evolution of African-American culture, expressed through art, music and creative writings, and establishing roots in European-American society became known as the Harlem Renaissance. (“Harlem Renaissance”)
After the American Civil War ended in 1865 more jobs and education became available for black. Blacks had finally created a middle class in America. Those blacks were expecting to be treated fairly and have the same life as white Americans. In 1896 equal rights for all races came to a halt when the Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court ruled
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After some time, Harlem became “the capital of black America ("Harlem Renaissance").”
William Edward Burroughs Du Bois, known as W.E.B Du Bois, a graduate of Harvard and black historian, was one of the fighters of the civil rights movement during this time. Dubois, in 1905, gathered in New York with well-known African-Americans who were very active in politics, and white civil rights supporters to discuss the problems facing blacks in the city and surrounding areas. He, in 1909, founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), to promote civil rights and fight African-American disenfranchisement, the right to vote. ("Harlem Renaissance")
During the same time, Marcus Garvey started his “Back to Africa movement.” He encouraged African-Americans to feel pride and respect in their race and background. Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL) designed to reunite all people of African ancestry to one government.
Different groups helped promote a sense of empowerment and community among African-Americans around the country. Whites organized with black intellectuals to try to change America from a segregated society. Blacks used artists and writers to move forward the goals of civil rights and push for equality. Jazz music and black literature immediately got attention and brought the heart and soul of the

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