The Hawthorne Studies

2022 Words9 Pages
The Hawthorne studies
1.0 Introduction
1.1 Mayoists brought a fundamental new paradigm.
The scientific management movement led the industrial revolution to change our way of life, our perception of work and our understanding for what an organization is. This paradigm shifted to the Human relations movement (led by the so called "Mayoists") as a result of the Hawthorne studies, which took into consideration the physical, social and psychological needs of employees unlike the previous paradigm. Taylorists considered the employee as good as a productive machine can be. In return, the Mayoists brought change to the environment of employee and employer. Not just that, but a whole fundamental change into the development of management thought.
…show more content…
It was deduced that the release of emotions had a good impact on the worker feelings about their working environment (Wren & Bediean 2009). Another study _The Bank Wiring Observation Room Study_ was conducted after Clair Turner revealed that mica splitting study was not yielding useful information and suggested the substitution of men in a test room, and thus the study was conducted on 14 men (Wren & Bediean 2009). The method followed was that no visitors allowed, earnings based on output of the group and a “friendly and supportive” supervision to be followed (Wren & Bediean 2009). The findings were that the men in this “informal group” were able to restrict their output as what they thought to be a fair day’s working as well as playing the role of a protective shield against employer exploitation and by so, these men were able to use this “informal group” formation as a tool to control each other 's actions and feelings (Wren & Bediean 2009).
3.4 The Hawthorne effect
According to Elton Mayo and F.J.Reothlisberger, the reason for the increased production, regardless of the alternating conditions in some of the studies (wages, illumination, breaks, etc...) was due to the workers feelings; that they were the source of attention, which was defined by them as the Hawthorne effect (Khai 2010).
4.0 Human relations &
Get Access