The Health And Economic Consequences Of Diabetes

1594 Words7 Pages
Diabetes affects 18.2 million people in the United States. It is often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus and described as, “… a metabolic disease in which the person has high blood sugar …” (Collazo- Clavell et all. 2009), either because the insulin is inadequate or the body’s cells don’t respond well to the insulin. The health and economic consequences of diabetes are considerable. The majority of people that have diabetes live in low and middle income countries, where the prevalence of the disease is high. There are three types of diabetes that are called type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Although diabetes is a disorder, it can lead to other diseases such as heart attack, kidney failure or death. A person that has…show more content…
However, when you get multiple daily injections with insulin pens, syringes, or an insulin pump, then it will be up to you to monitor the blood glucose levels and administer your insulin. With type 1 diabetes it’s important to balance your insulin doses with the food you eat and the physical activity you get. Insulin is injected under the skin, instead of through the mouth because the digestive enzymes will destroy the insulin. Statistics have shown that diabetes is the main cause of kidney failure (American Diabetes Association, 2012). Living with type 1 diabetes can be easy, if you handle the components such as exercise, healthy diet, controlling the levels of sugar, daily insulin injections, and supportive people (American Diabetes Association, 2012). The exact cause of Type 1 diabetes is unknown, but most people that have type 1 diabetes, the body’s own immune system, which normally fights harmful bacteria and viruses, mistakenly destroys the insulin producing (islet) cells in the pancreas. Many things can trigger the disease such as genetics, environmental factors and viruses. There are some risk factors of Type 1 diabetes which are known as family history, genetics, geography and age (Mayo Clinic, 2014). One risk factor for developing Type 1 Diabetes is family history, where anyone that has a sibling or a parent with Type 1 diabetes has a slightly increased risk of developing the condition (Mayo Clinic, 2014). Genetics is another factor,
Open Document