The Health And Economic Consequences Of Obesity

1238 Words Aug 22nd, 2014 5 Pages
1. Introduction
One of the biggest health crises today is obesity epidemic globally specially in the developed countries such as USA. As illustrated in (Figure 1), the population of the developed world showing alarming growth in obesity rate. More than 60% of the population in countries such as the UK and USA are overweight including children. In addition, these figures are expected to increase in the future (Gannon, 2014). The health and economic consequences of obesity is massive. It is known to cause more than 20 serious physiological, psychological, and social diseases such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease and depression (Nguygen et al., 2008 & Luppino et al., 2010). The medical cost of obesity annually is estimated to be more than 150 billion dollar (Cawley & Meyerhoefer, 2011). This essay attempts to explore the root causes behind the increase in this complex phenomenon among people and evaluate the effectiveness of the present solutions. OECD (2012), Past and projected overweight rates. (Figure 1)

2. Present accepted solutions
The current objective in obesity treatment is to reach and stay at healthy weight as recommended by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. In general, whatever the suggested solution, it should involve diet changes and increased physical activity. There are five basic approaches in obesity management including: dietary regimen, exercise programs, behavior changes, pharmacological treatment and weight-loss surgery (NICE,…
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