The Health Insurance Portability And Accountability Act

817 WordsNov 21, 20154 Pages
This journal entry is a reflection of research on the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA). Enacted by Congress in 1996, HIPPA was created to “modernize health information exchange” (Solove, 2013). For the consumer, HIPPA sets rules which protect the privacy of health information, to be followed by health care providers and insurance companies. It also gives consumers rights over their health information, such as obtaining a copy, making sure it is accurate, and to know who is or has seen their health information (Office for Civil Rights, n.d.). The modernization of health information exchange, came out of a concern as technology advanced, and computer data bases were now collecting personal health information. The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare brought up the issue of “Records, Computers, and the Rights of Citizens” in the 1973 Hew report (The Privacy Act of 1974, n.d.). They recommended Congress produce legislation protecting medical information, and the application of principles to follow in that process. After much debate over two separate bills, between the House and the Senate, the Privacy Act melded the two bills together into one as a compromise, and was enacted in 1974 (The Privacy Act of 1974, n.d.). The Privacy Act developed four procedural and substantive rights concerning personal data. These rights require government agencies to share any individual records they kept on someone, following fair information
Open Document